Windows 11 Minimum Requirements [UPDATE 2022]
Windows 11 is a significant improvement over Windows 10, and with all those new tools and features comes an excess load on the system. This makes it important to check if your system can handle Windows 11. In this post, we look at the windows 11 minimum requirements and Recommended.
Windows 11 Minimum Requirements
A simple test to check if your system can support Windows 11 can be done through the Microsoft PC Health Checker Tool. However, this is a test of the minimum requirements, not what is required for the system to run smoothly. Instead, Windows 11 has a lot of additional feature-specific hardware requirements. Let us discuss these in detail.
- Hard disk capacity
- Graphics card
- System software
- Trusted Platform Module
- Internet connection.
Windows 11 Minimum Hardware Requirements
There are new minimum hardware requirements for Windows 11. Computers that don’t meet the hardware tier can’t upgrade to Windows 11. Computers that meet the soft tier will receive a message that the upgrade should not be made.
- Processor: 1 GHz or higher with 2 or more cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or System on Chip (SoC).
- System software: Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0.
- Graphics card: DirectX 12 compatible or later with WDDM 2.0.
- RAM: 4 GB
- Memory: 64 GB or larger storage device
- S mode is only supported on the Home edition of Windows 11. If you are running another version of Windows in S mode, you need to switch out of S mode first before upgrading.
UPDATE: Microsoft has adjusted the requirements. They now allow unsupported PCs to Install Windows 11, but not Upgrade.
|Processor||1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster with 2 or more cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or System on Chip (SoC)|
|RAM||4 gigabytes (GB)|
|Storage||64 GB or larger storage device|
Note: See below under “More storage space to keep Windows 11 up to date” for more details.
|System firmware||UEFI, secure boot|
|TPM||Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0|
|Graphics card||Compatible with DirectX 12 or later with WDDM driver 2.0|
|Display||Larger 9” (720p) high-definition display diagonally, 8 bits per color channel|
|Internet connection and Microsoft accounts||Windows 11 Home edition requires an internet connection and Microsoft account to complete device setup on first use.|
Moving a device out of Windows 11 Home in S mode also requires an internet connection.
For all versions of Windows 11, internet access is required to perform updates and downloads and take advantage of some features. Microsoft account is required for some features.
Windows 11 needs a 1GHz processor with 2 cores or more and only supports 64-bit systems. For those already working with Windows 10, the main difference will be with 2 or more cores. While a lot of users preferred switching to dual-core or better computers in the late 2000s, a significant portion of them relied on low-end single-core systems. They will miss the bus with Windows 11. Also, those with 32-bit systems will have to stay with Windows 10.
RAM is often the limiting factor while evaluating the system’s performance. Many system manufacturers have released Windows 10 systems with 2GB of RAM when it was hardly the minimum requirement (for 64-bit systems). As a result, most users had to upgrade the system’s RAM. Now, with Windows 11 pushing the RAM stick to 4GB, you may have to further upgrade to 6GB or 8GB of RAM for a smooth experience with the operating system.
Hard disk capacity
The required hard disk space for Windows 11 is 64GB. This is significantly higher than the 20GB required for Windows 10 (64-bit). However, keeping the normal cache, let us suggest that you will need at least 100GB of free space in your system for Windows 11 to work smoothly.
The system’s graphics card needs to be DirectX 12 or later compatible with the WDDM 2.0 driver and that’s quite an improvement over the previous DirectX9 compatibility requirement for Windows 10 users with WDDM 1.0.
While this wasn’t a specific requirement back then, Windows 11 requires UEFI, Secure Boot capability. Presumably, this can remove many older systems after mass upgrade to Windows 11.
Trusted Platform Module
Installing Windows 11 requires the presence of Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 on the system. A lot of systems didn’t have this option before, even high-end ones.
Windows 11 has a specific requirement for monitors that must allow high-resolution displays (720p) and must be 9” inches or larger. 8 bits per color channel is important. In the case of Windows 10, the simple requirement is a minimum resolution of 800 x 600.
With Windows 10 and earlier versions, we have an option to install via ISO and external disc. Internet connection is best and required for updates, but not required for installation. This has changed with Windows 11 since Microsoft’s website specifically mentions requiring an internet connection for initial installation.
Windows 11 Recommended System Requirements
There are additional requirements for updates from time to time, as well as requirements to enable specific features, as mentioned by Microsoft:
- Multiple Voice Assistant (MVA) requires a microphone and speakers.
- The Snap three-column layout requires a screen that is 1920 effective pixels wide or larger.
- Mute/Unmute from the Taskbar requires a video camera, microphone, and speakers.
- HDR automatically requires an HDR display.
- BitLocker to Go requires a USB flash drive
- Client Hyper-V requires a processor capable of second level address translation (SLAT).
- Cortana requires a microphone and speakers and is currently only available on Windows 11 in certain countries
- DirectStorage requires an NVMe SSD to store and run games that use the “Standard NVM Express Controller” driver
- DirectX 12 Ultimate is available with supported games and graphics chips.
- Presence requires a sensor that can detect a person’s distance from the device or intent to interact with the device.
- 5G support requires a 5G capable modem.
- Smart video conferencing requires a video camera, microphone, and speakers (audio output).
- Spatial audio requires hardware and software support.
- Teams require a video camera, microphone, and speakers (audio output).
- Touch requires a monitor or display that supports multi-touch.
- Two-factor authentication requires the use of a PIN, biometrics, or a Wi-Fi or Bluetooth capable phone.
- Xbox (app) requires an Xbox Live account, which is not available in all regions. Some features require an active Xbox Game Pass subscription.
- Voice input requires a PC with a microphone.
- Voice wake-up requires a microphone and source model in Modern Standby.
- Wi-Fi 6E requires new IHV WLAN hardware and drivers, and a router/AP that supports Wi-Fi 6E.
- Windows Hello requires a camera configured to capture near-infrared (IR) images or a fingerprint reader for biometric authentication.
- Windows Projection requires a display adapter that supports Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) 2.0 and a Wi-Fi adapter that supports Wi-Fi Direct.
The Windows 11 requirements are a significant jump over the requirements for Windows 10. Most low-end systems may not be eligible for the upgrade, and even many high-end but older systems also do. will not be eligible for the upgrade. Although as we progress with technology, it is understandable why Microsoft needs to set minimum values for safety and performance.